To improve performances under stress, it is necessary to understand how performances are influenced or deteriorated by stress. Existing models and theories were consulted in order to create the COgnitive Performance and Error (COPE) model.
The COPE model describes the process of performing under stress. It consists of interactions between factors within three dimensions: (1) the external work content environment, (2) the individual’s cognition and affect, and (3) the individual’s external (observable) actions.
After fitting data from empiricial studies on this model and the variables, predictive models were established. Work content, cognitive and affective variables were used to predict performances under stress. These predictive models were then implemented into a feedback system that uses real-time variables to create real-time feedback/performance predictions.